What are the differences between "Request For Quotes" (RFQ), "Invitation For Bids" (IFB), and "Request For Proposals" (RFP)?

A "Request For Quote" (RFQ) is generally used for soliciting quotes of an item or items, or services,  valued between $10,000 and less than $50,000.  They are usually posted to eVA, with instructions on how to respond (An email response is typical).  There is no public bid opening.  All other things being equal, award is made to the lowest responsive and responsible bidder.

An "Invitation For Bids" (IFB) is generally used for soliciting bids of goods or services (other than  "Professional Services") when the cost is expected to be $50,000 or more.  They are posted on eVA, with instructions on how to submit the required sealed bid.  There is a public opening of the bids.  Award is made to the lowest responsive and responsible bidder.

A "Request For Proposal" (RFP) is generally used for soliciting proposals, usually for services (and always for "Professional Services") and sometimes for goods, when the cost is expected to be $50,000 or more.  They are posted on eVA, with instructions on how to respond.  Factors in addition to price are considered in making the award.  There is no public opening of the proposals.  Award is made to the most qualified/suited firm.

Show All Answers

1. Do you maintain a Bidders List?
2. How do I find out about bid opportunities?
3. What are the differences between "Request For Quotes" (RFQ), "Invitation For Bids" (IFB), and "Request For Proposals" (RFP)?
4. How does the County evaluate proposals, or Request for Proposals (RFP)?
5. How are purchases made for smaller transactions (less than $10,000)
6. Does the County have a SWAM program?
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